Services By the early 21st century the service sector was the largest component of the Lithuanian economy, employing about half the workforce and contributing about two-fifths of the annual GNP. For this reason, and because of high income taxes, many Lithuanian nationals were motivated to seek work in other EU countries after Lithuania joined the EU in Some of these emigrants started to return in , however, when the government reduced income taxes and raised the minimum wage. Trade union membership is low, with only about 10 percent of the workforce participating in organized labour confederations. Railways are the main means of transport in Lithuania. Two major rail routes run through Lithuania—a north-south highway that connects Scandinavia with central Europe, as well as an east-west route linking Lithuania to the rest of Europe. Moreover, after independence Lithuania emerged as a critical land bridge to Kaliningrad oblast , the region of the Russian Federation on the Baltic coast.
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Full of historic buildings, cathedrals, castles, towers, bridges and cobblestone streets, Europe has some of the prettiest and photogenic cities in the world.
The last working day of each month reading rooms are closed. Aplication forms Lithuanian State Historical Archives is the main repository of records for the Lithuanian history from the 13th century up to the declaration of the Independence of Lithuania in civil registry and vital records up until to ourdays. The records of state institutions, religious communities, popular organizations and families that are maintained in this Archives also reflect the history of Russia, Belarus, Poland, Ukraine, Latvia and other countries.
The documents kept in the Archives comprise 8 large sets: The article 19 of the Law on Documents and Archives of the Republic of Lithuania, embeds provision of free access to documents without delay period, except those documents the access to which is limited by other laws. Persons shall have the right of access to such documents in accordance with the procedure established by the said laws.
If neither the date of birth nor the date of death of a person is determined, the access shall be limited for a term of 70 years from the creation of the documents. Restrictions on access set in related legislation does not mean, that documents are not accessible at all. After expiration of these periods, documents are available without any restriction.
During the closure period access can be provided according the procedures established by Law on Legal Protection of Personal Data of the Republic of Lithuania. There is no computer data-base in our archives. The whole search is being done through the vital records by hand page to page. Therefore, for the search we must to have precise information:
7 reasons to visit Lithuania this summer
Vladislovo arkikatedra bazilika, Polish: Dedicated to Saints Stanislaus and Ladislaus , the church is the heart of Catholic spiritual life in Lithuania. Chapel of Saint Casimir with his sarcophagus The coronations of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania took place within its confines. Inside, there are more than forty works of art dating from the 16th through 19th centuries, including frescoes and paintings of various sizes.
Lithuania’s cool, compact capital is one of the driving forces behind the country’s booming tourism industry. Boasting the largest medieval old town in central and eastern Europe, Vilnius is.
Services By the early 21st century the service sector was the largest component of the Lithuanian economy, employing about half the workforce and contributing about two-fifths of the annual GNP. For this reason, and because of high income taxes, many Lithuanian nationals were motivated to seek work in other EU countries after Lithuania joined the EU in Some of these emigrants started to return in , however, when the government reduced income taxes and raised the minimum wage.
Trade union membership is low, with only about 10 percent of the workforce participating in organized labour confederations. Railways are the main means of transport in Lithuania. Two major rail routes run through Lithuania—a north-south highway that connects Scandinavia with central Europe, as well as an east-west route linking Lithuania to the rest of Europe. Moreover, after independence Lithuania emerged as a critical land bridge to Kaliningrad oblast , the region of the Russian Federation on the Baltic coast.
Boasting the largest medieval old town in central and eastern Europe, Vilnius is increasingly popular for its warming sense of history, bewitching architectural heritage and bustling cafe culture. The basics Vilnius 2. Vilnius has a surprising wealth of effortlessly trendy bars serving Lithuanian craft beers alongside European offerings as well as more traditional, sweetly strong brews.
Feb 12, at 8: It has a curious hill In a country better known as a flat expanse of birched woodland, a city centre hill does stick out somewhat, the castle atop it the sore thumb. Gediminas Tower atop Gediminas Hill Credit:
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Some of the era’s grandest projects have been constructed here, but the borough still retains its calm suburban feel. Homes here stand amidst old trees that line up every street. Large wooden edifices are joined by entire streets of s brick villas and a few new houses of the modern elite with swimming pools and fountains. Many of its art deco “little castles” and wooden masterpieces now bear plaques with the names of interwar high society members who used to live there and some have been converted to museums.
From the New Town , it can be reached by ascending several pedestrian streets named “Laiptai”. Kauko laiptai are beautiful but derelict. A wooden Swiss funicular, built in , offered an alternative. Its construction started in with the aim of creating the largest church in the Baltic States. However, the unfinished building was turned into a factory by the occupying Soviets.
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Romuva sanctuary in Prussia Early contacts with Eastern Orthodox Christianity[ edit ] Lithuanians’ contacts with the Christian religion predated the establishment of the Duchy of Lithuania in the 12th century. The first known record of the name Lithuania Litua , recorded in the Annals of Quedlinburg in , relates to Chalcedonian missionaries led by Bruno of Querfurt , who baptised several rulers of the Yotvingians , a nearby Baltic tribe.
However, Lithuanians had more active contacts with the Kievan Rus’ and subsequent Eastern Slavic states, which had adopted Eastern Orthodox Christianity following the Christianization of Kievan Rus’ in the 10th century. As the dukes of Lithuania extended their dominion eastwards, the influence of the Slavic states on their culture increased. Their subordinates and the people followed their example, borrowing, for instance, many of the East Slavic versions of Christian names in the 11th – 12th centuries.
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He survived the war and lived in Montreal, Canada. I see you have a lot of Gordon family on your website. Would you know anything about this person? It is from the Yizkor book for Volozhin. I am sure that they would have been very happy to give you permission. Since I am a relative of some of them and I assisted them with the webpage and the translations I feel that I have the right to let you use the picture.
15 reasons why Vilnius should be your next city break
Monica Woods Stuck for summer holiday inspiration? Lithuania has loads to offer, from wild, dune-backed beaches to even wilder festivals. But this rich archaeological site comes to life when thousands descend for the summer solstice. Finds dating back to Paleolithic times were first uncovered in the seventies and are strikingly well preserved thanks to the layers of silt that submerged them when the River Neris flooded.
Many are on show at the site museum, from padlocks and arrowheads to fine jewellery and what look like extremely well-worn shoes.
The first stop on the Baltic trio has a whole load of must-sees and must-do sites up its sleeve. Forged by long alliances with Poland to the west, conflicts with Russia and Sweden and the Teutonic Knights, and shaped by Slavic builders and Orthodox faiths to name just some of the influences, it’s hardly surprising that Lithuania has so many interesting places for the budding traveler.
See Article History Alternative Titles: Until it became independent in , Belarus, formerly known as Belorussia or White Russia, was the smallest of the three Slavic republics included in the Soviet Union the larger two being Russia and Ukraine. While Belarusians share a distinct ethnic identity and language, they never previously enjoyed unity and political sovereignty , except during a brief period in Belarusian history is thus less an isolable national narrative than a study of regional forces, their interplay, and their effects on the Belarusian people.
The territory that is now Belarus underwent partition and changed hands repeatedly; as a result, much of the history of Belarus is inseparable from that of its neighbours. Since independence Belarus has retained close ties to its most dominant neighbour, Russia. In the two countries signed the Union State Foundation Treaty, which aimed to create a politically integrated confederation with a common currency; the precise nature of the partnership, however, remained unclear well into the 21st century.
About one-fifth of the population of Belarus resides in the centrally located capital, Minsk , a sprawling modern city that was almost entirely rebuilt after its near destruction in World War II. Land Belarus is a landlocked country bordered by Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest, by Russia to the north and east, by Ukraine to the south, and by Poland to the west. In area, it is roughly one-third the size of its southern neighbour, Ukraine.
Relief The topography of Belarus was largely shaped by glaciation during the Pleistocene Epoch i. Much of the country consists of flat lowlands separated by low level-topped hills and uplands.
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The Office of the Chief Archivist of Lithuania is a government agency, which participates in the shaping of national policy in the field of management and use of documents and archives, as well as implements this policy, supports the Chief Archivist of Lithuania in the carrying-out of state administration of the field of documents and archives.
They had many reasons for becoming interested in Lithuanian folklore. There were respondents who indicated parents, grandparents, and even great-grandparents as contributing to their interest in folklore. The Lithuanian American respondents became interested in folklore at various times throughout their lives.
Those who had immigrated or whose parents had immigrated after World War II became interested in folklore in the s for the most part. Others, who were descended from those who had immigrated much earlier did not become involved in Lithuanian folklore until they were adults, usually in the s. Likewise, non-Lithuanians did not become interested in Lithuanian folklore until they were adults, again, for the most part in the s.
Their reasons for becoming members of Lithuanian folk groups are varied: Other common reasons were friendships with members, interest in genealogy, enjoyment of polka dancing and for recreational purposes in general, and one person joined because she was of Latvian ancestry, and there were no Latvian groups in the area. Some were inspired by a visit to Lithuania or even by a non-Lithuanian spouse who wanted to learn more about her husband’s heritage. The folk groups were also an extended family for new arrivals to the area who didn’t have family there.
The data indicates that the family plays quite an important role in preserving customs and traditions in Lithuania.